Black Pepper

Botanical Name Piper nigrum  
Botanical family Piperaceae  
Origin Madagascar  
Method Complete distillation by steam distillation  
Plant part Fruit 
Note Middle 
Appearance mobile liquid  
Color bluish green 
Odor spicy, hot, characteristic of pepper 
Biochemical composition of the essential oil Sesquiterpenes (85–90%): caryophyllene, bisabolene, elemene, guaiene, humulene  
Monoterpenes (5%): pinenes 
Therapeutic properties 1. Analgesic 
2. Anti-inflammatory   
3. Stomachic, eupeptic   
4. Aphrodisiac   
5. Decongestant  
Main therapeutic indications 1. Toothache, tooth abscess
2. Rheumatism, osteoarthritis  
3. Sexual weakness  
4. Digestive and hepatopancreatic insufficiency
5. Addiction: tobacco, salt bulimia
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