Botanical Name Cuminum cyminum  
Botanical family Apiaceae (Umbelliferae)  
Origin India 
Method Steam distillation 
Plant part Seeds 
Appearance limpid mobile liquid 
Color pale yellow 
Odor spicy, powerful and aromatic 
Biochemical composition of the essential oil Aromatic aldehydes (30%): cuminal 
Aliphatic aldehydes (30–40%): menthadienal 
Monoterpenes (30–40%): pinene, para-cymene, terpinene  
Therapeutic properties  Anti-inflammatory +++ 
Analgesic ++ 
Stomachic, carminative, aperitif +++
Calming, sedative ++ 
Anti-hyperthyroidism ++ 
Main therapeutic indications   Osteoarthritis, rheumatism ++  
Inflammatory enterocolitis ++  
Ulcerative colitis ++ 
Dyspepsia, flatulence, gastralgia +++  
Insomnia ++ 
Hyperthyroidism ++ 
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