Botanical Name Melissa officinalis  
Botanical family Lamiaceae  
Origin France, Provence 
Method Complete distillation by steam distillation 
Plant part Whole plant 
Note Middle 
Appearance limpid mobile liquid  
Color colorless to pale yellow 
Odor fresh, lemony, slightly herbaceous and pleasant 
Biochemical composition of the essential oil Aliphatic aldehydes (30%): neral, geranial 
Sesquiterpenes (15–20%): copaene, cubebene, caryophyllene, germacrene  
Monoterpene alcohols: linalool, geraniol, citronellol 
Therapeutic properties   1. Anti-inflammatory  
2. Analgesic 
3. Anti-hypertensive  
4. Calming, sedative, hypnotic
5. Stomachic, eupeptic   
6. Antilithiatic
Main therapeutic indications  1. Gallstones, hepatic and biliary insufficiency
2. Disturbances in cardiac rhythm: palpitations, extrasystole, angina attack   
3. Behavioural issues: anger, hysteria, crying
4. Stress, fears, anxiety, insomnia
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